# C++ Program to Implement Dijkstra’s Greedy Shortest Path Algorithm Full Project For Beginners

Welcome folks today in this blog post we will be `implementing Dijkstra's Greedy Shortest Path Algorithm in C++`

. All the full source code of the application is shown below.

In order to get started you need to make an `app.cpp`

file and copy paste the following code

`app.cpp`

```
// A C++ program for Dijkstra's single source shortest path algorithm.
// The program is for adjacency matrix representation of the graph
#include <limits.h>
#include <stdio.h>
// Number of vertices in the graph
#define V 9
// A utility function to find the vertex with minimum distance value, from
// the set of vertices not yet included in shortest path tree
int minDistance(int dist[], bool sptSet[])
{
// Initialize min value
int min = INT_MAX, min_index;
for (int v = 0; v < V; v++)
if (sptSet[v] == false && dist[v] <= min)
min = dist[v], min_index = v;
return min_index;
}
// A utility function to print the constructed distance array
void printSolution(int dist[])
{
printf("Vertex tt Distance from Sourcen");
for (int i = 0; i < V; i++)
printf("%d tt %dn", i, dist[i]);
}
// Function that implements Dijkstra's single source shortest path algorithm
// for a graph represented using adjacency matrix representation
void dijkstra(int graph[V][V], int src)
{
int dist[V]; // The output array. dist[i] will hold the shortest
// distance from src to i
bool sptSet[V]; // sptSet[i] will be true if vertex i is included in shortest
// path tree or shortest distance from src to i is finalized
// Initialize all distances as INFINITE and stpSet[] as false
for (int i = 0; i < V; i++)
dist[i] = INT_MAX, sptSet[i] = false;
// Distance of source vertex from itself is always 0
dist[src] = 0;
// Find shortest path for all vertices
for (int count = 0; count < V - 1; count++) {
// Pick the minimum distance vertex from the set of vertices not
// yet processed. u is always equal to src in the first iteration.
int u = minDistance(dist, sptSet);
// Mark the picked vertex as processed
sptSet[u] = true;
// Update dist value of the adjacent vertices of the picked vertex.
for (int v = 0; v < V; v++)
// Update dist[v] only if is not in sptSet, there is an edge from
// u to v, and total weight of path from src to v through u is
// smaller than current value of dist[v]
if (!sptSet[v] && graph[u][v] && dist[u] != INT_MAX
&& dist[u] + graph[u][v] < dist[v])
dist[v] = dist[u] + graph[u][v];
}
// print the constructed distance array
printSolution(dist);
}
// driver program to test above function
int main()
{
/* Let us create the example graph discussed above */
int graph[V][V] = { { 0, 4, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 8, 0 },
{ 4, 0, 8, 0, 0, 0, 0, 11, 0 },
{ 0, 8, 0, 7, 0, 4, 0, 0, 2 },
{ 0, 0, 7, 0, 9, 14, 0, 0, 0 },
{ 0, 0, 0, 9, 0, 10, 0, 0, 0 },
{ 0, 0, 4, 14, 10, 0, 2, 0, 0 },
{ 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 2, 0, 1, 6 },
{ 8, 11, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 7 },
{ 0, 0, 2, 0, 0, 0, 6, 7, 0 } };
dijkstra(graph, 0);
return 0;
}
```

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